How to Make Peppermint at Home: A Step-by-Step Guide

Do you enjoy the refreshing, minty taste of peppermint? Did you know that you can grow and make peppermint at home? In this guide, we'll take you through all the steps required to grow your own peppermint plant, harvest the leaves, and store them for later use. Follow these steps to make your very own peppermint at home!

Understanding the Peppermint Plant

Peppermint is a hybrid plant that is a cross between spearmint and watermint. It has a unique flavor and aroma that makes it a popular ingredient in many foods and beverages. Understanding the basic botany of the peppermint plant is essential to growing and harvesting it successfully.

Peppermint plants are known for their strong aroma and are commonly found in gardens and farms around the world. They are easy to grow and maintain, making them a popular choice for home gardeners and commercial farmers alike.

The peppermint plant is a member of the mint family, which also includes other popular herbs like basil and oregano. It is a perennial plant, meaning it will come back year after year if properly cared for. Peppermint plants can grow up to three feet tall and produce small purple flowers in the summer months.

History and Uses of Peppermint

Peppermint has a rich history, dating back to ancient Egyptian times. It was widely used in traditional medicine for its healing properties and was also used as a flavoring in food and drinks. In modern times, peppermint is used in many products, including candies, teas, and even toothpaste.

Peppermint oil is also a popular ingredient in aromatherapy. Its invigorating scent is believed to help with mental clarity and alertness. When used in massage, peppermint oil can help relieve muscle tension and soreness.

Types of Peppermint Plants

There are several varieties of peppermint plants, each with its own unique features. The most common types of peppermint are black peppermint, white peppermint, and chocolate mint. Each has its own distinct flavor and aroma.

Black peppermint, also known as "Mitcham peppermint," is a popular choice for commercial growers due to its high oil content. White peppermint, on the other hand, is known for its mild flavor and is often used in teas and other beverages. Chocolate mint, as the name suggests, has a chocolatey aroma and is a popular addition to desserts and other sweet treats.

Health Benefits of Peppermint

Peppermint has many health benefits, including relief from digestive issues, headaches, and cold symptoms. It's also a natural breath freshener. With its cooling sensation, peppermint can help with muscle relaxation and even help with stress relief.

Peppermint tea is a popular home remedy for digestive issues like bloating and gas. The menthol in peppermint can help soothe the digestive tract and promote healthy digestion. Peppermint oil is also used in many over- the-counter remedies for headaches and migraines.

Overall, the peppermint plant is a versatile and useful herb with a long history of use in traditional medicine and cuisine. Whether you're growing it in your garden or using it in your favorite recipes, peppermint is sure to add a refreshing and invigorating touch.

Gathering Your Supplies and Ingredients

Before you start growing peppermint, it's essential to gather all the necessary tools and equipment. Here are some things you'll need:

  • A pot or container Potting mix
  • A peppermint plant
  • A watering can
  • Pruning shears
  • Gardening gloves
  • Fertilizer

Now that you have all the necessary supplies let's move on to choosing the right peppermint plant.

Choosing the Right Peppermint Plant

When it comes to growing peppermint, choosing the right plant is critical. You can find peppermint plants at your local nursery or garden center. Look for plants that are healthy and have vibrant leaves. Avoid any plants that show signs of disease or damage.

Peppermint plants are known for their strong and refreshing aroma, which is why they are so popular in the culinary world. They are also easy to grow and care for, making them a great option for beginner gardeners. Once you've chosen your plant, it's time to move on to the essential tools for growing.
Essential Tools for Growing Peppermint

Aside from the peppermint plant, there are a few essential tools you'll need to ensure your plant grows strong and healthy. These include a watering can, pruning shears, gardening gloves, and fertilizer. Consider investing in a good quality potting mix to provide your plant with the nutrients it needs to thrive.

Peppermint plants require regular watering, but be careful not to overwater them. Allow the soil to dry out slightly between waterings to prevent root rot. Use pruning shears to trim back any dead or damaged leaves or stems to promote new growth.

Now that you have your tools and peppermint plant, it's time to talk about soil and fertilizer requirements.

Soil and Fertilizer Requirements

Peppermint plants require well-draining soil that's rich in organic matter. Consider adding some compost or worm castings to your potting mix. This will help improve the soil's texture and provide your plant with the nutrients it needs to grow strong.

It's important to fertilize your plant regularly to ensure it's getting the nutrients it needs. Use a balanced fertilizer, following the instructions on the package for the correct dosage and frequency. With the right supplies, tools, and knowledge, you'll be on your way to growing healthy and delicious peppermint in no time.
Planting and Growing Peppermint
Now that you've gathered your supplies and ingredients, it's time to start planting and growing your peppermint plant!

Selecting the Ideal Location

Peppermint plants require lots of sunlight, so choose a location that receives at least six hours of direct sunlight each day. If you're planting your peppermint in a container, select a pot that's at least 10 inches in diameter and has adequate drainage holes.

Planting Peppermint from Seeds or Cuttings

You can grow peppermint from seeds or cuttings. If you're using seeds, sow them in your potting mix about ¼ inch deep and keep the soil moist. If you're using cuttings, dip the ends in rooting hormone and plant them in your potting mix.

Caring for Your Peppermint Plant

Peppermint plants require regular watering to keep the soil evenly moist. However, be careful not to overwater, as this can cause root rot. Prune your plant regularly to keep it healthy and bushy.

Pests and Diseases to Watch Out For

Peppermint plants can be prone to pests and diseases like spider mites, aphids, and rust. Keep an eye out for any signs of pests or disease, and treat them promptly to prevent them from spreading.

Harvesting and Storing Peppermint

Congratulations! Your peppermint plant has grown to maturity, and now it's time to harvest the leaves and store them for later use.

When to Harvest Peppermint

Peppermint plants are ready for harvest when they have grown to a height of at least six inches. Harvest the leaves in the morning when the essential oils are at their highest concentration.

How to Harvest Peppermint Leaves

Use pruning shears to cut the leaves from the stems. Cut just above the node to encourage bushy growth. Be sure to only harvest about a third of the plant at a time to avoid damaging it.

Drying and Storing Peppermint

To dry your peppermint leaves, tie them in small bunches and hang them upside down in a cool, dry place. Once they are fully dry, store them in an airtight container in a cool, dark place. Your dried peppermint leaves can be used in teas, baked goods, and other recipes!


Growing and making peppermint at home is a rewarding experience that can save you money and provide you with fresh, delicious peppermint leaves for use in a variety of recipes. With the right tools and techniques, anyone can grow peppermint at home. Follow these steps, and you'll be enjoying the refreshing taste and aroma of peppermint in no time!

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